What’s in Your Tea Bags? Dust or Fannings?

Tea bags have a bad rep nowadays.  Not surprising given that some supermarkets and brands use grades of tea which gives your brew the strongest colour in the quickest time.  It’s convenient to use teabags at certain times.  Easy enough to plop a bag in, dip the bag a few times in hot water, take the bag out quickly and gulp (ouch!) the brew.

I have been asked if the leaves in such teabags are the dust from the factory floor.  No, that’s not the case. To better understand how some supermarkets and brands use tea leaves, a quick overview of black tea leaf grades:

Fannings in a Teabag

Dust and StaplesWhole Leaf Grades(to name just a few)

Special Finest Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe (the name is longer than the leaves and bud) which is the best of the bud and first two leaves from a new shoot. There are sub-divisions from this grade; there will be a detailed post about grades soon.

Orange Pekoe – the leaves have been picked when the bud is just opening up with the two leaves below.

Pekoe – these are coarser leaves further down the steam.

Broken Leaf Grades

As the name indicates, these are leaves and buds that have broken during the drying and rolling of the leaves.  Such leaves are graded by size and sorted.  The grades are similar to the whole leaf grade but will include Broken in its title.

Fannings (aka Dusts or Finest)

These are what are left when the whole and broken leaves have been sorted. At each leaf sorting stage, the by product is Fannings.   It’s generally these Fannings/Dusts that are used in tea bags.  The leaves and buds are so fine (small) that it gives the brew a deeper colour and thus a quick brew.

Tea Leaf Grades in Teabags

It’s the Tea Bag Too

The material and the process of manufacturing the teabag itself can determine the quality of your tea.  Essentially the price you and I pay for a packet of tea determines the type of teabag, tag and the grade of tea that’s in the teabag. It wasn’t that long ago that the tag on your teabag was stapled.  That practice, thankfully, is no longer prevalent.

 

Quantity Over Quality

The Modern Teabag

Practices have changed quite a lot over the last few years and you can certainly enjoy whole or broken leaves now in a teabag.  There is ample room for whole and broken leaves in the teabag. The material allows so much more flavour to seep through from the teabag.  Whole and broken tea leaves have so much more intensity and complexity of flavour.  Just because you want a quick cup of tea does not mean you want to compromise on the taste.